Wild Land Management Services John Muir Trust
11. Re-structure woodlands

In the past, many native woodland sites were planted with conifers, which are now close to felling. These sites can now be assessed with a view to returning them to native woodland by felling and re-planting with native species.

Past decisions on tree planting were often driven by grants and tax relief, and in many locations exotic conifers were a poor choice for the terrain. In these cases, the crop may have little value and current support systems may subsidise an early felling and restocking with appropriate native species.

On even-age native species plantations, it’s desirable to create clearings, produce dead wood, clear riparian edges, feather straight edges, remove fences and encourage the regeneration of mixed native species.

Natural landscapes
Minimal intervention except to kick-start natural processes


  • Develop and implement a forest plan
  • Additional native woodland planting projects